Tuesday, September 29, 2009

Article 3 second part

Those rules (see last post) which are quite general can be considered as the deductions of the system defined in the previous posts, but in order to go further and can consider the mechanisms coming from the geometry of atoms and molecules, it is possible to emit some hypotheses; thus out of the common consideration that some extreme conditions are necessary to the formation of nucleuses, it comes that for the equilibrium which is formed between the particles of the two first secondary elements(1), it should be considered the formation of a very fast and very dense cycle, so with a rather weak fractality for the malleable particles. Once the cycle forming nucleus occurred, it has to be considered that it frees some particles and especially of the smallest, by the decomposition of the movement in some straight lines (2), this determining its length of life; as well it should be formed a layer of the type of the terrestrial crust, where the particles at first should arrange themselves in a heap of which the final structure should depend on the features of the nucleus, as density and size, and where could be found some cycles of some malleable particles forming some intermediate particles, as electron; thus it should be considered that the radiation of the nucleus can form a network in this heap in order to escape with being reinforced by the emissions of the heap itself, as some sunbeams going out only by a few holes or some laser rays; here it should be considered the formation of some ways converging toward some pores because this should not be as for the terrestrial crust where the radiation can pass easily through some molecular structures, because in the heap the particles are a lot finer and then resist more to the radiation. Therefore at this stage we possess a nucleus surrounded with a more porous structure, concentrating the emissions of this nucleus; next we can imagine that between the pores of emission are driven by some other pores of the aggregate some particles close to the atom, what is corresponding to a suction, probably with a weaker flow than this emission, what should have been formed during the structuring of the aggregate; thus we have some flows leaving the aggregate and some entering; considering that the principal confluence between both flows should be formed where the Venturi effect (very probable) should be the strongest, and the best produced in order to avoid some short loops going round the Venturi, effect which should prime and maintain the suction. Also it should be considered that the pores of inlet could be shaped in the prolongation of the confluence between the flows of inlet and outlet, according to a geometrical distribution (see the following sketch 1); and if there is some other confluences than the principal ones between flows of inlet and outlet, then we could think that their networks should join the closest pores of inlet through some appropriate reversed Venturi effects (pushing and not pulling) along the principal flows of inlet (a bit like with rivers and brooks). Thus we obtain a model permitting more or less the joining between some different atoms, according to the entering energetic flows so to the importance of the aggregate and of the Venturi effects that it permits, and to the leaving energetic flows so to the characteristics of the nucleus and to the ways made in the aggregate; this flows being able to become some bonds; but the flow entering by the aggregate being able to be quite weak and to not sufficiently correspond to the features of a leaving flow, in order to help the reaction several factors as pressure, the concentration of the atoms having to react, should help the contact, without forgetting that the temperature, coming from the concentration of some particles of the second secondary element, could create as well a pressure but here especially on the pores with being able to change the conformation of the aggregate; these three factors should then help the flows leaving some close atoms to be introduced more or less into the pores of inlet of the others (of these atoms), in order to form according to the general mechanism a bond of the shape of a cycle (see sketch 2), this with even being able to reinforce the flow leaving the atom where a flow is inserting, which by a reciprocal introduction should reinforce the flow which is introducing in it, what should make the bond stronger; thus the space maintained between two atoms should stem from the equilibrium between the flow of inlet of one and the flow of outlet of the other, following their dispersions; also out of the consideration of the capacity of outflow of the pores for the reinforcement; may be it should be possible otherwise to consider some bonds in half-cycles between some atoms out of the union between some non-associated flows of inlet and outlet. Thus the variety of the assemblies should be done relatively to the atoms (3) according to the capacity of the pores, and to the outflow of the flows, to their flexibility, to their size, to their number, and to their geometrical distribution between the ones of inlet and outlet; according to what the stability of a free atom could be explained by the space between the entering and leaving flows being able to form some bridges more or less strong at the free state.
(1) : See : http://eternal-cartesian.blogspot.com/2009/09/god-and-elements-which-compose-it.html
(2) : See : http://eternal-cartesian.blogspot.com/2009/09/7.html
(3) : It should not be possible to consider some bonds in cycles or half-cycles between an atom and an intermediate particle because the difference of their sizes and possibly of their structures should not permit it.


  Following this model in order to explain the exothermic reactions, we can consider that if the entering flow, reinforced by a bond, dissociates the aggregate, this can provoke an emission of warmth (1), as for example between two atoms with the leaving flows having some too much different intensities ; also the weak bonds should be explained out of some distant and not much favored correspondences, what could as well be applied for the formation of the double and triple bonds which are generally less strong (because of the bond(s) in addition to the single one which define(s) the type of the whole bond), while justifying the stability of the benzenic cycle by an almost equivalent length between the principal bond and the one which forms the fact to be doubly linked up, according to the closer distance given by the cycle; on the top of that the weaker bonds could in a molecular chain change the reactivity of the atoms being still able to associate themselves, knowing that these bonds could even not form a real cycle of bond but just influence the flows relatively to their orientation and to the development of their partially absorbable outflow. As well it is possible to explain oxidation and reduction following those principles, by considering that they should stem from the change of the structure of the aggregate which is round the nucleus of an atom (the result can be considered as a kind of atom). Lastly for electrolysis considering that there is a flow between both electrodes that the anode and cathode are, it should stem from it that the flow should dissociate at its leaving electrode, so the cathode, some molecules of which the atoms the least attracted by the electrolytic flow should join themselves according to the conditions given by this flow, and the others taken with the flow by solidarity with their leaving flows and correspondence with the entering ones should be forced to react at the other electrode out of the impossibility to follow farther the current; considering the fact that after the disunion of the molecules the electrolytic flow should be saturated by some atoms, what should stop its power of disunion.

(1): See : http://eternal-cartesian.blogspot.com/2009/09/warmth.html





Update 06/01/2011: (Vérification de la représentation) The representation of this atom is verified for the different chemical elements by the ball-and-stick model (this is quite close and the angles are respected in a good model), example (the colors have some different significations than for the sketches above):


From the definition by Wikipedia of the ball-and-stick model, here :





Update 04/04/2011: Otherwise in order to be sure of the resistance produced by some curved flows of particles of the same type as the particles considered here, which should allow the production of some resistant bonds, it is possible to read this: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/09/100916092055.htm



Update 06/01/12:

  A bit of history of chemistry in order to reassure about my model of atom relatively to ions:

1800: discovery of electrolysis by Anthony Carlisle and William Nicholson

1888: industrial electrolysis with the Hall-Héroult process

1897: experimental discovery of electron by Joseph John Thomson
  Thus it appears that electron, carrier of the elementary negative charge, has been discovered experimentally after electrolysis (proton coming later), and that electrolysis was already used industrially without the appearance of charged particles in the patents. But the word “ion” can be kept, if it can refer to the attraction to electrodes and not refer to a charge.



Update 21/03/12: Nonetheless I use electron but not according to its charge.


Update 29/03/12: A new experimental fact sustains very well my theory of atom, this is an atomic resolution transmission electron microscopy of a glass; and it is possible to observe some links between some atoms (for my theory these links are done according to the principle of excess and lack : osmosis, …). There is more about it following these 2 links:

http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/2012/02/scienceshot-two-dimensional-glass.html

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